Within the context of the ISO/IEEE 11073 family of standards for device communication, ISO/IEEE 11073-10417:2014 establishes a normative definition of communication between personal telehealth glucose meter devices and computer engines (e.g. cell phones, personal computers, personal health appliances and set top boxes) in a manner that enables plug-and-play interoperability. Appropriate portions of existing standards are leveraged, including ISO/IEEE 11073 terminology, information models, application profile standards, and transport standards. The use of specific term codes, formats and behaviours in telehealth environments restricting optionality in base frameworks in favour of interoperability are specified. A common core of communication functionality for personal telehealth glucose meters is defined in ISO/IEEE 11073-10417:2014.